יום שני, 1 באוקטובר 2012

הסכמי סחר אזוריים (58314)


The Hebrew University
Faculty of Social Sciences
Department of International Relations

REGIONAL ECONOMIC AGREEMENTS (58314)

Professor Alfred Tovias
Jean Monnet Chair

Lecture, academic year 2012-13, winter semester, 2 credit points, Tuesdays, 12:30-14:00, Room 1710 (Social Sciences).

Telephone: 025881053; Fax: 025882919
Reception hour: Mondays, 16:30-17:30, Room 5422 (Social Sciences)
Email address: mstovi@huji.ac.il

Teaching assistant: Omer Gendler
Email address:  omer.gendler@mail.huji.ac.il
Reception hour: Thursday, 13:30-14:30, Room 5402 (Social Sciences)



Description of the course

The central  issue discussed in this course is the question of whether or not a world of rival regional trading blocks competing among themselves is currently emerging.. First, patterns of the  geographic distribution of world trade in goods and services will be examined. Thereafter will be analyzed the reasons that led to the rapid expansion of regional trade arrangements as from the mid 1970s, first in Europe and/or in cooperation with it (the EC, EFTA), as well as in the rest of the World (ASEAN, NAFTA, MERCOSUR). The different arrangements will be analyzed distinguishing between old and new forms of economic integration (such as deep integration). Additionally, an analysis of the position taken by the WTO regarding trade preferences will also be included.  Some attention will be given, if time allows,  to Israel's trade and other economic agreements with other countries and international economic organizations  (including the OECD). 


Program

International economics as an academic discipline. International trade: its qualitative and quantitative importance. Economic effects of trade liberalization. The international trade regime after 1945, the GATT and the WTO (World Trade Organization). GATS. Discriminatory trade liberalization. Different forms of economic integration. Their link with  trade discrimination. The Theory of Customs Unions and other theories of economic integration. The Most-Favoured-Nation rule. Article 24 of GATT and article 5 of GATS.  The old regionalism: The European Economic Community (EEC). EFTA. Deepening and Enlargements of the EC and its successor, the EU (European Union). The New Regionalism: NAFTA, MERCOSUR, AFTA and ASEAN. Rules of origin: preferential and non-preferential. Regional trade agreements in Africa and Central America. Cross-regionalism and other deviations from regionalism. Israel's free trade agreements. 


Credit for the course

It is based on a final comprehensive written exam (100% of the final mark).

Towards the exam students must:
-  Read and sum up the obligatory readings marked with an asterisk. Questions will be included in the final exam regarding the readings.
- Learn what has been presented in class. Therefore the students are strongly encouraged to attend the lectures.

NOTE: The final exam will take the form of a questionnaire in English with closed and probably some open questions. Students are strongly encouraged to answere to the open questions in the final exam, as well as intervene in class in English. However students are exceptionally allowed to answer the open questions in the exam also in the following languages: Hebrew, French and Spanish.

Readings

Anderson, Kym and Richard Blackhurst (eds.), Regional Integration and the Global Trading SystemNew YorkSt. Martin’s Press, 1993. HF 1418.5 R44 (1156435)

Anderson, Malcolm and Eberhard Bort, The Frontiers of the European UnionNew York: Palgrave, 2001. D 1065 E852 A44 2001 (1260267)

Appendini, Kirsten and Sven Bislev (eds.), Economic Integration in NAFTA and the EU: Deficient InstitutionalityBasingstokeUK: Macmillan, 1999. HC 106.82 E27 (1202969)

Baldwin, Richard E., Towards an Integrated EuropeLondon: CEPR, 1994. HC 241.2 B25 (1130712)

Belous, Richard S. and Rebecca S. Hartley (eds.), The Growth of Regional Trading Blocs in the Global EconomyWashington, D.C.: National Planning Association, 1990HF 1411 B41
(1060878)

Bhagwati, Jagdish, “The Threats to the World Trade System,” The World Economy, Vol. 15, No. 4, July 1992, pp. 443-546. (0218114)

Bhagwati, Jagdish, Pravin Krishna and Arvind Panagariya (eds.), Trading Blocs: Alternative Approaches to Analyzing Preferential Trade AgreementsCambridge: The MIT Press, 1999. HF 1418.7 T73 (1199464)

*Bindi, Federiga (ed.), The Foreign Policy of  the European Union, Washington, Brookings Institution Press, 2010, pp.13-40; 99-115; 155-96; 220-29;239-62; 273-89.(Highlearn).

*Bollard, A. and D. Mayes, “Regionalism and the Pacific Rim,” Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2, June 1992, pp. 195-210. (0216943)

Bonser, Charles .F. (ed.), Toward a North American Common Market: Problems and Prospects for a New Economic CommunityBoulder: Westview Press, 1991. HC 95 T69 (1078172)

Cable, Vincent and David Henderson (eds.), Trade Blocs: The Future of Regional IntegrationLondon: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1994. HF 1418.5 T695 (1147205)

Carkoglu, Ali, Mine Eder and Kemal Kirisci, The Political Economy of Regional Cooperation in the Middle East, London: Routledge, 1998. HC 415.15 C37 (1200551)

Cook, Ian G., Marcus A. Doel, Rex li (eds.), Fragmented Asia: Regional Integration and National Disintegration in Pacific AsiaAldershotUK: Ashgate, 1998. HC 412 F73 (1199881)

Cooper, A. “NAFTA and the Politics of Regional Trade,” In Hocking, Brian and Steven McGuire (eds.), Trade PoliticsLondon: Routledge, 1999, pp. 229-245. HF 1379 T733 1999 (1225877)

Cooper, R., “Blocks: Making the Best of a ‘Second-Best’ Solution,” In Belous, Richard S. and Rebecca S. Hartley (eds.), The Growth of Regional Trading Blocs in the Global Economy, Washington, D.C.: National Planning Association, 1990, pp. 30-35. HF 1411 B41 (1060878)

*Crawford, Jo-Ann and Florentino, Roberto V., The Changing Landscape of Regional Trade AgreementsGeneva, WTO, Discussion Paper No. 8, 2005. (NNL 002487653)

Crombois. J., “The US-Morocco Free Trade Agreement,” Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 10, No. 2, July 2005, pp. 219-24.

Croome, John, Reshaping the World Trading System, 2nd ed., The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999. HF 1711 C76 1999 (1260263)

CurzonVictoria, “The European Free Trade Association,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration WorldwideLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 175-202.
*Davidson, Paul J., “ASEAN: The Legal Framework for Its Trade Relations,” International Journal, Vol. 49, No. 3, Summer 1994, pp. 588-612. (0216809)

Demaret, Paul, Jean-Francois Bellis and Gonzalo Garcia Jimenez (eds.), Regionalism and Multilateralism after the Uruguay Round: Convergence, Divergence and InteractionBrusselsEuropean Interuniversity Press, 1997. HF 1721 R43 (1165375)

Devuyst, Youri, “GATT Customs Union Provisions and the Uruguay Round: The European Community Experience,” Journal of World Trade, Vol. 26, No. 1, February 1992, pp. 15-34. (1036424)

EFTA, The European Free Trade Association: Structure, Rules and OperationGeneva, EFTA Secretariat, 1980. HF 1531 E9 (1006326)

El-Agraa, Ali M., “Integration Amongst Members of the Arab League,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration WorldwideLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 320-347.

El-Agraa, Ali M., “ Fortress and Three Trading Blocs?,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration WorldwideLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 368-378.

El-Agraa, Ali M., “Regional Trade Arrangements Worldwide,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration WorldwideLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 12-33.

El-Agraa, Ali M. and Shelton M.A. Nicholls, “The Caribbean Community and Common Market,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration Worldwide, London: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 278-296.

Emerson, Michael, Marius Vahl and Stephen Woolcock, Navigating by the Stars: Norway, the European Economic Area and the European UnionBrussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, 2002.

Fawcett, Louise and Andrew Hurrell (eds.), Regionalism in World Politics: Regional Organization and World OrderOxfordOxford University Press, 1995. JN 94 A38 R43 (1154538)

Frankel, Jeffrey A. (ed.), The Regionalization of the World EconomyChicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1998. HF 1418.7 R447 1998 (1260301)

Frankel, Jeffrey A. and Shang-Jin Wei, Open Regionalism in a World on Continental Trade Blocs, Washington: IMF Working Paper, WP/98/10.

Galal, Ahmed and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med AgreementsLondon: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 1997. HC 241.2 R455 (1199348)

Gamble, Andrew and Anthony Payne, Regionalism and World OrderNew YorkSt. Martin’s Press, 1996. JX 1395 R375 (1157859)

Garson, Jean-Pierre (ed.), Migration, Free Trade and Regional Integration in North AmericaParis: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, c1998. JV 6351 M54 1998 (1270807)

Geiger, Till and Dennis Kennedy (eds.), Regional Trade Blocs, Multilateralism and the GATT: Complementary Paths to Free Trade?London: Pinter, 1996. HF 1418.7 R44 (1174785)

Gianaris, Nicholas V., The North American Free Trade Agreement and the European Union, Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1998. HF 1746 G53 (1183985)

Grugel, Jean and Wil Hout (eds.), Regionalism Across the North-South Divide: State Strategies and GlobalizationLondon: Routledge, 1999. HF 1359 R433 (1201013)

Grugel, Jean., “New Regionalism and Modes of Governance-Comparing US and EU Strategies in Latin America,” European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2004, pp. 603-626.

Hilaire, Alvin D. and Yongzheng Yang“The United States and the New Regionalism/Bilateralism,” Journal of World Trade, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2004, pp. 603-625.

Hoekman, Bernard M. and Michel M. Kostecki, The Political Economy of the World Trading System: From GATT to WTO, 1995. HF 1359 H64  (1143712)

Hufbauer, Gary C. and Jeffrey J. Schott, NAFTA: An AssessmentWashington DC: Institute for International Economics, 1993. HF 1746 H86 (1104472)

Hufbauer, Gary C., Jeffrey J. Schott and Diana Orejas, NAFTA: A Seven Year AppraisalWashington D.C.: Institute for International Economics, 2002. In acquisition (1276496).

Jackson, John Howard, The World Trade Organization: Constitution and JurisprudenceLondon: Pinter for the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1998. K 4600 J32 (1147228)

Jamar, J. and Helen S. Wallace (eds.), EEC-EFTA: More Than Just Good Friends?Bruges: De Tempel, Tempelhof, 1988. HF 1532.935 E87 E41 (1080687)

*Kaltenthaler, Karl and Frank O. Mora, “Explaining Latin American Economic Integration: The Case of Mercosur,” Review of International Political Economy, Vol. 9, No. 1, March 2002, pp. 72-97. (1113971)

* Karns, Margaret P. and Karen A. Mingst, International Organizations.The Politics and Processes of Global Governance Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2004, pp. 145-152;189-198 and 204-206. JZ 4850 K37 2004 (001359551)

Koopmann, Georg, “Growing Regionalism-A Major Challenge to the Multilateral Trading System,” Intereconomics, No. 5, September/October 2003, pp. 237-241.

Krenzler, H.G. and G. Wiegand, “EU-US Relations: More Than Trade Disputes?,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 4, No. 2, Summer 1999, pp. 153-180 (1165899)

Krugman, Paul R., “Is Bilateralism Bad?,” in Helpman, Elhanan and Assaf Razin (eds.), International Trade and Trade PolicyCambridge: The MIT Press, 1991, pp. 9-23.

Krugman, Paul R., Development, Geography and Economic TheoryCambridge: The MIT Press, 1995. HD 75 K79 (1143114)

Lamy, Pascal, “Stepping Stones or Stumbling Blocks? The EU’s Approach Towards The Problem of Multilateralism vs Regionalism in Trade Policy,” The World Economy, Vol. 25, No. 10, November 2002, pp.1399-1413.

Laursen, Finn, “The EC and Its European Neighbours: Special Partnerships or Widened Membership?,” International Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1, Winter 1991-1992, pp. 29-63. (0216809)

*Laursen, Finn, Philippe G. Nell, Iver B. Neumann, Jan I. Haaland, Clive Church, T. Wieser and E. Kitzmantel, “European Community, EFTA and the New Europe: Changing Dimensions of Economic Integration in Europe,” Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 28, No. 4, June 1990, pp. 299-449. (0216943)

Lawrence, Robert Z., Regionalism, Multilateralism and Deeper IntegrationWashington D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1996. HF 1418.5 L388 (1139915)

LeClair, Mark S., Regional Integration and Global Free Trade: Addressing the Fundamental ConflictsAldershotUK: Avebury, 1997. HF 1418.5 L43 (1183975)

Leonard, Dick and Mark Leonard (eds.), The Pro-European ReaderNew York: Palgrave, 2002.

Mansfield, Edward D. and Helen V. Milner (eds.), The Political Economy of RegionalismNew YorkColumbia University Press, 1997. HF 1418.7 P65 (1163277)

*Mansfield, Edward D. and Helen V. Milner. ,The New Wave of Regionalism in Kratochwil, Friedrich. and Edward D. Mansfield(eds.), International Organizations and Global Governance. A Reader ,  Second Edition, New York: Pearson- Longman,  2006,  pp.326-383.

Mattli, Walter, The Logic of Regional IntegrationCambridgeCambridge University Press, 1999. HF 1418.5 M39 (1203516)

Melo, Jaime de and Arvind Panagariya (eds.), New Dimensions in Regional IntegrationCambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. HF 1418.5 N48 (1109446)

Mestral, Armand de and Jan Winter, “Dispute Settlement under the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Treaty of European Union,” Revue d’Integration europeenne, Vol. 17, No. 2-3, hiver-printemps 1994, pp. 235-266.

Muller-Brandeck-Bocquet, Gisela, “Perspectives for a New Regionalism: Relations between the EU and the Mercosur,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 5, No. 4, Winter 2000, pp. 561-579. (1165899)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Regionalism and its Place in the Multilateral Trading SystemParis: 1996. HF 1372 R44 (1184052)

Oyejide, Ademola, Ibrahim Elbadawi and Paul Collier (eds.), Regional Integration and Trade Liberalization in Subsaharan AfricaLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997. HC 800 R44 (1153882)

Panagariya, Arvind, “EU Preferential Arrangements and Developing Countries,” The World Economy, Vol. 25, No. 10, November 2002, pp. 1415-1432.

Pederson, Thomas, European Union and the EFTA Countries: Enlargement and IntegrationLondon: Pinter, 1994. HC 241.2 P383 (1142605)

Péridy, Nicolas, “Towards a New Trade Policy Between the USA and Middle-East Countries: Estimating Trade Resistance and Export Potential,” The World Economy, Vol. 28, No. 4, April 2005, pp. 491-518.

Phillips, Nicola, “Regionalist Governance in the New Political Economy of Development: “Relaunching” the Mercosur,” Third World Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 4, August 2001, pp. 565-583.

Piazolo, Daniel, “European Regionalism and Multilateral Trade Negotiations,” Revue d’Integration europeenne, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1998, pp. 251-271. 

Pomfret, Richard, The Economics of Regional Trading ArrangementsOxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. HF 1418.7 P66 (1188240)

Pomfret, Richard, “ The Association of South-East Asian Nations,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration WorldwideLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 297-319.

Porter, Tony, “The North American Free Trade Agreement,” in Stubbs, Richard and Geoffrey R.D. Underhill, Political Economy and the Changing Global Order, 2nd Ed., New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. HF 1411 P65 (1127862)

Rajan, Ramkishen S., Rahul Sen and Reza Siregar, “Singapore and the New Regionalism: Bilateral Trade Linkages with Japan and the US,” The World Economy, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2003, pp.1325-55.

*Ravenhill, John, “APEC Adrift: Implications for Economic Regionalism in Asia and the Pacific,” Pacific Review, Vol. 13, No. 2, June 2000, pp. 319-333. (e-journal)

Robson, Peter, “Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa,” in El-Agraa, Ali M., Economic Integration WorldwideLondon: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 348-367.

Roett, Riordan (ed.), MERCOSUR: Regional Integration, World MarketsBoulder: Lynne Rienner, 1999. HC 165 M45 (1197410)

Sanchez-Bajo, Claudia, “The European Union and Mercosur: A Case of Inter-regionalism,” Third World Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 5, October 1999, pp. 927-941.

Santander, Sebastian, “EU-MERCOSUR Interregionalism: Facing Up to the South American Crisis and the Emerging Free Trade Area of the Americas,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2002, pp. 491-505.

Schott, Jeffrey, “Trading Blocks and the World Trading System,” The World Economy, Vol. 14, No. 1, March 1991, pp. 1-20. (0218114)

Stubbs, Richard, “Signing on to liberalization: AFTA and the Politics of Regional Economic Cooperation,” Pacific Review, Vol. 13, No. 2, June 2000, pp. 297-318. (e-journal)

Stubbs, Richard and Geoffrey R.D. UnderhillPolitical Economy and the Changing Global Order, 2nd Ed., New YorkOxford University Press, 2000. JMS library has only 2nd ed. from 1994: HF 1411 P65 (1127862)

Telo, Mario (ed.), European Union and New RegionalismAldershot: Ashgate, 2001. HC 240 E8557 2001 (1260302)

Than, Mya (ed.), ASEAN beyond the Regional Crisis: Challenges and InitiativesSingaporeInstitute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2001. HC 441 A843 2001 (1237365)

Tharakan, P.K.M., “European Union and Preferential Arrangements,” The World Economy, Vol. 25, No. 10, November 2002, pp.1387-1398.

Thomas, Kenneth P. and Mary Ann Tetreault (eds.), Racing to Regionalize: Democracy, Capitalism, and Regional Political EconomyBoulder: Lynne Rienner, 1999. HF 1418.7 R33 (1200519)

*Tovias, Alfred, “Trade Discrimination in the Thirties and Eighties,” The World Economy, Vol. 11, No. 4, December 1988, pp. 501-514. (0218114)

Tovias, Alfred, “A Survey of the Theory of Economic Integration,” Journal of European Integration, Vol. 15, No. 1, Fall 1991, pp. 5-23. (1276625)

Tovias, Alfred, “Regionalism and the Mediterranean,” Journal of North African Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2, Summer 1998, pp. 75-88. (1156612)

*Tovias, Alfred, “Regional Blocks and International Relations: Economic Groupings or Political Hegemons?,” in Lawton, Thomas C., James N. Rosenau and Amy C. Verdun (eds.), Strange Power: Shaping the Parameters of International Relations and International Political EconomyAldershot: Ashgate, 2000, pp. 321-341. HF 1359 S767 2000 (1226984)

*Tovias, Alfred, The Brave New World of Cross-Regionalism,  CEPII Working Paper, No. 2008–03,April,Paris,CEPII .http://www.cepii.fr/anglaisgraph/workpap/pdf/2008/wp2008-03.pdf

*Tovias. Alfred et al., Putting the Mediterranean Union in Perspective,  Lisbon, EUROMESCO Paper, Number 68, 34  pages, 2008,

*Tovias, Alfred, Current Israeli Perspectives on EU-Mediterranean Relations, Hellenic Studies, 17/2, 2009, pp.191-204.

Vaillant, Marcel and Alvaro Ons, “Preferential Trading Arrangements Between the European Union and South America: The Political Economy of Free Trade Zones in Practice,” The World Economy, Vol. 25, No. 10, November 2002, pp.1433-1468.

Vasconcelos, Alvaro De., “European Union and MERCOSUR,” in Mario Telo (ed.), European Union and New Regionalism: Regional Actors and Global Governance in a Post-hegemonic EraBurlington, Ashgate, 2001. HC 240 E8557 2001 (000491965)

Wallace, Helen (ed.), The Wider Western Europe: Reshaping the EC/EFTA RelationshipLondon: Pinter Publishers for the Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, 1992. HF 1532.935 E87 W53 (1095825)

Webber, Douglas, “Two Funerals and a Wedding? The Ups and Downs of Regionalism in East Asia and Asia-Pacific after the Asian Crisis,” Pacific Review, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2001, pp. 339-372. (e-journal)

The World Bank, Global Economic Prospects: Trade, Regionalism and DevelopmentWashington DC, 2005.

Yeung, May T., Nicholas Perdikis, William A. Kerr, Regional Trading Blocs in the Global Economy: The EU and ASEANNorthamptonMA: E. Elgar, c1999. HF 1418.7 Y48 1999
(1257305)

* Zweifel Thomas D. , International Organizations and DemocracyBoulder: Lynne Rienner, 2006, pp.131-145; 160-164;168-174.  JZ 4389 Z86 2006 (1359562-10)

טוביאס, אלפרד, "השלכות של יצירת מרחב כלכלי אירופי על מדינות לא חברת ועל איזורים פריפריים במדינות חברות – הערכה איכותית," בתוך: צימרמן, משה וורנר ויידנפלד, מעבר לריבונות?: האינטגרציה האירופאית, ירושלים: אקדמון, 1996, עמ' 213-224. JN 15 M58  (1156447)



Academic journals:


1.     Intereconomics
2.     International Organization
3.     Journal of World Trade
4.     Review of World Economics
5.     The World Economy
6.     Journal of Common Market Studies
7.     Journal of European Integration
8.     European Union Politics
9.     European Foreign Affairs Review


Newspapers

1.     The Economist
2.     International Herald Tribune
3.     Financial Times




Websites

2.     NAFTA Secretariat: http://www.nafta-sec-alena.org/
3.     WTO Website: www.wto.org
4.     European Union Website: www.europea.eu.int/index-en.htm
5.     ASEAN Website: http://www.aseanec.org